Local Weather History: September 26, 1930 Outbreak

This outbreak was particularly harmful to crops in our area.

Posted: Oct 3, 2019 10:17 PM
Updated: Oct 4, 2019 4:56 PM

September 1930 was the warmest & driest September on record for much of the eastern U.S. since 1881 or 1925.

On the periphery of this hot ridge, an strong, dynamic storm system with tropical moisture from the Pacific & Gulf.  The tropics were active for weeks.  For example a Category 4 hurricane devestated the Dominican Republic. 

Nearly half of Iowa's 99 counties reported at least wind & hail damage with some seeing tornado damage. 

Widespread straight-line wind damage was reported across Indiana, but I could only find specific damage reports from counties/towns/cities in the central & northern parts.  The damage in Indiana was largely confined to trees & powerlines, while much more structural damage occurred in Illinois.  Crop damage was immense, reportedly with large hail of up to +2" in diameter & damaging gusts with that hail shredded ripened crops to the ground.  There are many reports of windows being broken by the driving large hail in Iowa & Michigan.

Crop damage was a big issue in Indiana, however.  Many crops were flattened by the damaging wind & loss to the apple crop was reportedly "heavy".  In many areas of Michigan 75% of the crop of apples & pears was downed by the severe wind gusts.

There were 14 deaths in at least 10 tornadoes.  The strongest tornado appears to be the likely EF3 that struck south-southeastern Iowa's Monroe County.  It appears that it was on the ground for at least 14 miles.  Interestingly, a likely EF1 tornado tracked 8 miles through Monroe County on September 18th.

This was part of an active, wet weather pattern for part of the Midwest & Plains while the Southeast & East baked in heat & drought.

Prior to this outbreak, severe weather was reported in Indiana on September 14, 15, 22 & 24.

Severe weather was reported in Illinois & Iowa September 7, 12, 14, 15, 18, 19, 28 & 29.  This included a tornado that tracked through southern Illinois' Jefferson & Hamilton counties on the 14th that caused $8.5 million in damage (inflation adjusted).  In the northern Missouri town of Browning, a likely intense microburst caused extensive roof damage to homes & businesses (as well as trees & powerlines) on the 14th.

September 1930 pattern:

Surface pattern:

Upper pattern:

West Lafayette
Clear
68° wxIcon
Hi: 85° Lo: 61°
Feels Like: 68°
Kokomo
82° wxIcon
Hi: 82° Lo: 58°
Feels Like: 91°
Rensselaer
Clear
64° wxIcon
Hi: 87° Lo: 65°
Feels Like: 64°
Fowler
Clear
64° wxIcon
Hi: 81° Lo: 58°
Feels Like: 64°
Williamsport
Clear
67° wxIcon
Hi: 84° Lo: 61°
Feels Like: 67°
Crawfordsville
Clear
64° wxIcon
Hi: 84° Lo: 62°
Feels Like: 64°
Frankfort
Clear
65° wxIcon
Hi: 82° Lo: 60°
Feels Like: 65°
Delphi
Broken Clouds
85° wxIcon
Hi: 83° Lo: 57°
Feels Like: 95°
Monticello
Broken Clouds
85° wxIcon
Hi: 82° Lo: 56°
Feels Like: 95°
Logansport
Clear
64° wxIcon
Hi: 83° Lo: 55°
Feels Like: 64°
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Indiana Coronavirus Cases

Data is updated nightly.

Confirmed Cases: 74328

Reported Deaths: 3041
CountyConfirmedDeaths
Marion15860725
Lake7570275
Elkhart484384
Allen3902163
St. Joseph350081
Hamilton2763104
Vanderburgh196313
Hendricks1887108
Cass17959
Johnson1757118
Porter131639
Clark123347
Tippecanoe121111
Madison97965
LaPorte91130
Howard89065
Kosciusko85212
Bartholomew79347
Marshall78422
Floyd77946
Monroe75630
Delaware73052
Dubois69612
Boone67846
Noble67829
Hancock66038
Vigo65110
Jackson5865
Warrick58130
LaGrange55910
Shelby55327
Grant52630
Dearborn50828
Morgan47634
Clinton4343
Henry38320
Wayne37710
White36910
Montgomery35421
Lawrence34627
Harrison33823
Decatur33732
Putnam2888
Miami2742
Daviess27320
Scott26810
Greene25034
Jasper2432
Franklin24214
DeKalb2324
Gibson2254
Jennings22512
Steuben2103
Ripley2087
Carroll1912
Fayette1897
Perry18612
Starke1787
Orange17124
Posey1710
Wabash1693
Fulton1682
Wells1682
Jefferson1632
Knox1540
Whitley1526
Washington1401
Tipton13810
Spencer1363
Sullivan1261
Huntington1223
Randolph1224
Clay1215
Newton11810
Adams1012
Jay910
Owen901
Pulaski831
Rush804
Fountain742
Brown731
Ohio655
Blackford642
Benton610
Pike530
Switzerland520
Vermillion520
Parke511
Crawford450
Martin450
Union410
Warren221
Unassigned0206

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