Why Canada's dairy market is a target in NAFTA talks

US dairy farmers are hoping a new NAFTA deal will offer relief from Canadian tariffs.Canada keeps str...

Posted: Sep 6, 2018 10:07 AM
Updated: Sep 6, 2018 10:07 AM

US dairy farmers are hoping a new NAFTA deal will offer relief from Canadian tariffs.

Canada keeps strict import quotas on dairy products and applies steep tariffs on products coming in that exceed the quota. The tariffs range from 200% to 300%.

Business and industry sectors

Business, economy and trade

Canada

Continents and regions

Economic policy

Economy and economic indicators

Free trade treaties and agreements

International relations

International relations and national security

International trade

International trade law

Marketing and advertising

North America

The Americas

Trade and development

Trade regulation and policy

Trade treaties and agreements

Treaties and agreements

Consumer products

Dairy production

Dairy products

Donald Trump

Food and beverage industry

Food and drink

Food production industry

Food products

Kinds of foods and beverages

Political Figures - US

Tariffs and customs

Exports and imports

Protectionism

United States

Government and public administration

Government organizations - US

Politics

US Congress

Agriculture

Agriculture, forestry, and commercial fishing

Animal farming and livestock

Cattle ranching and farming

Dairy farming

Government bodies and offices

Latin America

Mexico

US federal government

White House

President Donald Trump has made it clear that he wants Canada to make a concession on dairy imports during negotiations, which reconvened Wednesday.

Access to Canada's dairy market wasn't part of the original NAFTA deal, which generally lifted all tariffs on goods traded between Canada, Mexico, and the United States.

As recently as last year, Canada imposed even more protections for its dairy industry by creating a special pricing system. It made it cheaper for Canadian farmers to buy milk ingredients, like whey protein, from domestic suppliers.

The move hurt a few big dairy companies based in New York and Wisconsin, said Andrew Novakovic, a professor of agricultural economics at Cornell University.

Some of the United States' 40,000 dairy farmers say they have also been hurt this year by tariffs imposed by China and Mexico in retaliation to those imposed by President Trump on imports of steel and aluminum.

"Our dairy farmers are facing dire economic conditions this year, and the Canadian pricing scheme and tariffs are curtailing much-needed markets for US dairy products," said Jim Mulhern, president and CEO of the National Milk Producers Federation, earlier this year.

Several industry groups have lobbied for a rewrite of NAFTA to eliminate or reduce Canadian tariffs on dairy, as well as the recently implemented barriers to imports of milk ingredients.

Overall, the NAFTA deal struck in 1994, has been good for US dairy farmers because it opened up the market in Mexico. Dairy exports to Mexico have increased five-fold since the trade deal was enacted, according to the International Dairy Foods Association.

Despite Canada's tariffs, the United States sends far more dairy products to Canada than the other way around. In 2016, the United States exported $557 million of dairy products to Canada and received about $113 million, according to the Canadian Dairy Information Center.

Canada is far from the only country to protect its dairy industry. Many countries help out their farmers with quotas, tariffs and pricing systems. The United States has tariffs on some milk products, too, and American farmers benefit from government subsidies.

US dairy farmers have the support of at least 68 members of Congress from both sides of the aisle. The legislators urged top US negotiator Robert Lighthizer to make sure a new NAFTA deal would address Canada's protectionist dairy policies in a letter sent in April. Congress must ultimately approve a new version of NAFTA.

Last week — after about a year of negotiations — Trump struck a preliminary trade agreement with Mexico and threatened to leave Canada out of an updated version of the three-country pact. But negotiators from all three countries have said they will continue to work toward a trilateral deal.

The Trump administration notified Congress last week that it could enter into a new trade deal with Mexico, but legislative procedure would allow Canada to enter into the agreement up until September 30 — when the text of the trade pact must be submitted to Congress.

Canada's Prime Minister Justin Trudeau has repeatedly said that his negotiating team will defend the country's dairy policies.

"I'm not going to negotiate in public, but what I have said time and time again is that our government, and I personally, will stand up to defend supply management and our dairy farmers," Trudeau said on Friday.

Canadian dairy farmers have relied on the protectionist policies since the 1980s.

"If Canada has to give up and reform the whole (dairy) system, it's going to have a gigantic impact," Novakovic said.

Canada is the United States' second biggest trading partner in dairy, after China. But it makes up a small amount of all the goods traded between the two countries. Auto parts and vehicles make up a much larger portion, and President Trump has threatened to put tariffs on Canada's auto exports if the two don't come to a deal.

West Lafayette
Scattered Clouds
31° wxIcon
Hi: 59° Lo: 42°
Feels Like: 31°
Kokomo
Clear
29° wxIcon
Hi: 55° Lo: 41°
Feels Like: 29°
Rensselaer
Clear
27° wxIcon
Hi: 57° Lo: 35°
Feels Like: 27°
Fowler
Clear
27° wxIcon
Hi: 57° Lo: 38°
Feels Like: 27°
Williamsport
Clear
31° wxIcon
Hi: 58° Lo: 41°
Feels Like: 31°
Crawfordsville
Clear
29° wxIcon
Hi: 58° Lo: 43°
Feels Like: 29°
Frankfort
Clear
31° wxIcon
Hi: 57° Lo: 41°
Feels Like: 31°
Delphi
Clear
29° wxIcon
Hi: 58° Lo: 41°
Feels Like: 29°
Monticello
Clear
29° wxIcon
Hi: 57° Lo: 40°
Feels Like: 29°
Logansport
Clear
30° wxIcon
Hi: 57° Lo: 39°
Feels Like: 30°
Dry Weekend with Coldest Weather of the Fall So Far on Sunday Night
WLFI Radar
WLFI Temps
WLFI Planner

Indiana Coronavirus Cases

Data is updated nightly.

Confirmed Cases: 172730

Reported Deaths: 4260
CountyConfirmedDeaths
Marion26807796
Lake15074371
St. Joseph10092174
Elkhart9783146
Allen9123235
Hamilton6697120
Vanderburgh640572
Tippecanoe424616
Porter372351
Hendricks3532139
Monroe345038
Johnson3438132
Delaware326378
Clark318865
Vigo293042
Madison270398
LaPorte248867
Cass234426
Kosciusko219529
Warrick212166
Floyd193369
Howard176267
Wayne156933
Dubois155727
Marshall154930
Bartholomew153259
Grant141240
Henry140530
Boone134850
Hancock130244
Noble129335
Jackson125420
Dearborn109728
Lawrence104238
Morgan103040
Gibson98212
Clinton97816
Daviess96036
Shelby95737
Knox89210
LaGrange85115
Fayette84922
Harrison83524
DeKalb82413
Posey8058
Putnam80017
Jasper7395
Miami7205
Steuben7059
Montgomery66622
White65816
Adams6337
Greene60838
Scott57916
Decatur56239
Whitley5216
Ripley5178
Wabash5079
Wells50412
Huntington4985
Clay4927
Starke4929
Sullivan48114
Spencer4436
Randolph43911
Orange43625
Perry42114
Jefferson4165
Fulton4159
Washington4143
Jennings40213
Franklin39625
Jay3816
Pike37018
Carroll36413
Fountain3643
Tipton29423
Vermillion2911
Rush2734
Parke2724
Blackford2555
Newton24411
Owen2251
Martin2070
Pulaski1874
Crawford1691
Brown1523
Ohio1457
Union1280
Benton1160
Switzerland1070
Warren1021
Unassigned0236

COVID-19 Important links and resources

As the spread of COVID-19, or as it's more commonly known as the coronavirus continues, this page will serve as your one-stop for the resources you need to stay informed and to keep you and your family safe. CLICK HERE

Closings related to the prevention of the COVID-19 can be found on our Closings page.

Community Events