Hoof-and-Mouth Disease Fast Facts

Hoof-and-mo...

Posted: May 28, 2018 10:01 AM
Updated: May 28, 2018 10:01 AM

Hoof-and-mouth disease (also known as foot-and-mouth disease) is a communicable virus affecting cattle, pigs and other cloven-hoofed animals. Hoof-and-mouth disease is not related to hand, foot, and mouth disease, a virus that infects humans.

About:
It is a member of the genus Aphthovirus in the family Picornaviridae. There are seven types of hoof-and-mouth disease and more than 60 subtypes or strains.

The disease can lead to severe losses in milk and meat production. The death rate is usually less than 1% in adult livestock but the rate may be higher in calves and piglets, according to the Center for Food Security & Public Health at Iowa State University.

Symptoms include fever, along with lesions in the mouth and around the hooves.

Hoof-and-mouth disease is transmitted from animal to animal directly and indirectly. The virus can also be passed from human to animal.

The virus is one of the subjects studied at Plum Island, New York, a government research facility. Scientists have developed a test vaccine for cattle.

Terror Threat of Hoof-and-Mouth Disease:
Because it can do great damage to the agricultural economy, hoof-and-mouth disease is considered a potential bioterror threat by the Department of Homeland Security.

Outbreaks:
The United States has not had an outbreak of hoof-and-mouth since 1929.

2001 - The United Kingdom has an outbreak. Thousands of animals are culled during the crisis and the UK loses billions.

2010-2011 - An outbreak occurs in South Korea. More than 1 million animals are culled.

Article Comments

West Lafayette
Broken Clouds
59° wxIcon
Hi: 77° Lo: 57°
Feels Like: 59°
Kokomo
Overcast
58° wxIcon
Hi: 74° Lo: 54°
Feels Like: 58°
Rensselaer
Scattered Clouds
55° wxIcon
Hi: 75° Lo: 51°
Feels Like: 55°
Fowler
Scattered Clouds
55° wxIcon
Hi: 76° Lo: 53°
Feels Like: 55°
Williamsport
Overcast
60° wxIcon
Hi: 76° Lo: 56°
Feels Like: 60°
Crawfordsville
Scattered Clouds
56° wxIcon
Hi: 76° Lo: 57°
Feels Like: 56°
Frankfort
Scattered Clouds
60° wxIcon
Hi: 75° Lo: 56°
Feels Like: 60°
Delphi
Scattered Clouds
57° wxIcon
Hi: 76° Lo: 55°
Feels Like: 57°
Monticello
Scattered Clouds
57° wxIcon
Hi: 75° Lo: 53°
Feels Like: 57°
Logansport
Broken Clouds
55° wxIcon
Hi: 74° Lo: 53°
Feels Like: 55°
Warmer Temps and Multiple Rounds of Rain Ahead
WLFI Radar
WLFI Temps
WLFI Planner

COVID-19 Important links and resources

As the spread of COVID-19, or as it's more commonly known as the coronavirus continues, this page will serve as your one-stop for the resources you need to stay informed and to keep you and your family safe. CLICK HERE

Closings related to the prevention of the COVID-19 can be found on our Closings page.

Community Events