BREAKING NEWS Purdue men's basketball beats Indiana, 67-58 Full Story
SEVERE WX : Flood Warning View Alerts

Conjoined Twins Fast Facts

Here's some background information about conjoined twins.Conjoined twins are physically connected to ...

Posted: Dec 5, 2018 4:03 PM
Updated: Dec 5, 2018 4:03 PM

Here's some background information about conjoined twins.

Conjoined twins are physically connected to one another at some point on their bodies.

Business and industry sectors

Children's hospitals

Health and medical

Health care

Health care facilities

Hospitals

Medical fields and specialties

Medical treatments and procedures

Pediatrics

Population and demographics

Society

Surgery

Twins and multiple births

Children

Children's health

Maternal and child health

Business, economy and trade

Fast Facts

Demographic groups

Families and children

Family members and relatives

Health and health care (by demographic group)

Deaths and fatalities

Conjoined twins occur once every 200,000 live births, according to the University of Maryland Medical Center.

About 70% of conjoined twins are female.

Conjoined twins are identical - they are the same sex.

The form of conjoined twinning refers to the point where the twins are joined. The top five, starting with the most frequent: thoracopagus (heart, liver, intestine), omphalopagus (liver, biliary tree, intestine), pygopagus (spine, rectum, genitourinary tract), ischiopagus (pelvis, liver, intestine, genitourinary tract), and craniopagus (brain, meninges). (Mayo Clinic)

Scientists believe that conjoined twins develop from a single fertilized egg that fails to separate completely as it divides.

The term "Siamese twins" originated with Eng and Chang Bunker, a set of conjoined twins who were born in Siam (now Thailand) in 1811. They lived to age 63 and appeared in traveling exhibitions. Chang and Eng both married and fathered a total of 21 children between them.

In 1955, neurosurgeon Dr. Harold Voris of Mercy Hospital in Chicago performed the first successful procedure separating conjoined twins joined at the head.

Selected Cases:

Lea and Tabea Block
Born August 9, 2003, in Lemgo, Germany, to Peter and Nelly Block. They are joined at the head.

September 16, 2004 - The girls are separated. Tabea dies shortly thereafter.

Jade and Erin Buckles
Born February 26, 2004, to Melissa and Kevin Buckles at National Naval Medical Center in Bethesda, Maryland. They share a liver.

June 19, 2004 - They are successfully separated.

Tatiana and Anastasia Dogaru
Born January 13, 2004, in Rome to Romanian parents Claudia and Alin Dogaru. They are connected at the head.

June 7, 2007 - Scheduled surgery to separate the girls is halted after doctors notice brain swelling in one of the girls.

August 2007 - Doctors at University Hospital's Rainbow Babies & Children's Hospital in Cleveland announce that they will not proceed with separation of the girls because the surgery is too risky.

Abbigail and Isabelle Carlsen
Born November 29, 2005, in Fargo, North Dakota, to Amy and Jesse Carlsen. They are joined at the abdomen and chest.

May 12, 2006 - A team of 30 people, including 18 surgeons from various specialties at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, perform a successful operation to separate the girls.

Regina and Renata Salinas Fierros
Born August 2, 2005, in Los Angeles to Sonia Fierros and Federico Salinas. Born facing each other and joined from the lower chest to the pelvis, they are fused in several places including the liver and genitals, and they share a large intestine. Regina is born with one kidney.

June 14, 2006 - The twins are separated during a day-long surgery at Children's Hospital Los Angeles.

Abygail and Madysen Fitterer
Born August 8, 2006, to Stacy and Suzy Fitterer from Bismarck, North Dakota. They are born joined at the abdomen and share a liver.

January 3, 2007 - Separated in a surgery at the Mayo Clinic.

Preslee Faith and Kylee Hope Wells
Born October 25, 2008, in Oklahoma City to Stevie Stewart and Kylie Wells. They are attached at the chest and are believed to be the first Native American conjoined twins.

January 19, 2009 - Separated at Children's Hospital at OU Medical Center in Oklahoma City. Both survive but are listed in critical condition after the surgery.

February 19, 2011- Preslee Faith Wells dies at The Children's Center in Bethany, Oklahoma.

Arthur and Heitor Rocha Brandao
Born April 2009 in Bahia, Brazil, to Eliane and Delson Rocha. They are joined at the hip and share a bladder, intestines, liver and genitals. The twins only have three legs between them.

February 24, 2015 - The five-year-old twins undergo a 15-hour separation surgery after months of preparation. Arthur dies three days later after he suffers cardiac arrest.

Angelica and Angelina Sabuco
Born August 2009 in the Philippines to Fidel and Ginady Sabuco. They are joined at the chest and abdomen.

November 1, 2011 - Are successfully separated after a 10-hour surgery at Lucile Packard Children's Hospital in San Jose, California.

Hassan and Hussein Benhaffaf
Born December 2, 2009, in London to Angie and Azzedine Benhaffaf from East Cork, Ireland. They are attached at the chest but share no major organs.

April 8, 2010 - Undergo a 14-hour separation surgery at Great Ormond Street Hospital. Both survive.

Maria and Teresa Tapia
Born April 8, 2010, in the Dominican Republic to Lisandra Sanatis and Marino Tapia. They are joined at the lower chest and abdomen and share a liver, pancreatic glands, and part of their small intestine.

November 8, 2011 - Are successfully separated following a 20-hour procedure.

Joshua and Jacob Spates
Born January 24, 2011, in Memphis, Tennessee, to Adrienne Spates. They are joined back to back at the pelvis and lower spine, each with separate hearts, heads and limbs.

August 29, 2011 - Are successfully separated after a 13-hour surgery.

October 2013 - Jacob Spates passes away. The cause of his death is not released.

Rital and Ritag Gaboura
Born September 22, 2010, in Khartoum, Sudan, to Abdelmajeed and Enas Gaboura. They are joined at the head.

August 15, 2011 - Are successfully separated after a four-stage operation. Two operations took place in May, one in July and the final operation in August.

Allison June and Amelia Lee Tucker
Born March 1, 2012, to Shellie and Greg Tucker. They are attached at the lower chest and abdomen and share their chest wall, diaphragm, pericardium and liver.

November 7, 2012 - Are successfully separated after a seven-hour surgery at Children's Hospital Philadelphia.

A'zhari and A'zhiah Lawrence
Born October 10, 2012, in Virginia to Nachell Jones and Carlos Lawrence. They are joined from the chest to the abdomen and have a conjoined liver.

October 25, 2012 - An emergency surgery is performed to separate their liver.

April 22, 2013 - Are successfully separated following 14 hours of surgery.

October 14, 2013 - A'zhari passes away.

Emmett and Owen Ezell
Born July 15, 2013, in Dallas to Jenni and Dave Ezell. They are joined at the liver and the intestine.

August 24, 2013 - Are successfully separated.

Knatalye Hope and Adeline Faith Mata
Born April 11, 2014, in Houston to Elysse and John Matta. They are joined at the chest, sharing a liver, heart lining, diaphragm, intestines and colon.

February 17, 2015 - A team of 12 surgeons separate the sisters during a 26-hour procedure.

Erika and Eva Sandoval
Born August 10, 2014, in California to Aida and Arturo Sandoval. They are joined at the lower chest and upper abdomen and share a liver, bladder, two kidneys and three legs.

December 6-7, 2016 - Are successfully separated after 17 hours of surgery at Lucile Packard Children's Hospital Stanford in California.

Acen and Apio Akello
Born September 23, 2014, in Uganda to Ester Akello. They are joined at the hip and pelvis.

September 3, 2015 - After more than 30 medical specialists help to separate the girls' spinal cord, the 16-hour surgery at Nationwide Children's Hospital in Ohio is successful. The medical specialists used 3-D printing to create anatomies similar to the girls to prepare for the surgery.

Carter and Conner Mirabal
Born December 12, 2014, in Jacksonville, Florida, to Michelle Brantley and Bryan Mirabal. They are joined at the sternum and abdomen and share a liver and part of their small intestines.

May 7, 2015 - Are successfully separated after 12 hours of surgery at Wolfson Children's Hospital in Florida.

Scarlett and Ximena Torres
Born May 16, 2015, in Corpus Christi, Texas, to Silvia Hernandez and Raul Torres. Scarlett and Ximena are connected below the waist, sharing a colon and a bladder.

April 12, 2016 - Scarlett and Ximena are separated during a 12-hour procedure at the Driscoll Children's Hospital in Texas.

Anias and Jadon McDonald
Born on September 9, 2015, in Chicago to Nicole and Christian McDonald. They are joined at the head.

October 13-14, 2016 - Anias and Jadon are successfully separated after 27 hours of surgery at the Children's Hospital at Montefiore Medical Center in New York.

November 8, 2016 - The lead surgeon tells CNN that the twins are recovering "right on target, if not ahead of schedule."

Dawa and Nima Pelden
Born on July 13, 2017, in Bhutan to Bhumchu Zangmo. They are joined at the abdomen.

October 10, 2018 - Surgery is postponed in order to give the girls additional nutritional support.

November 9, 2018 - Dawa and Nima are successfully separated after a six-hour surgery at Melbourne Royal Children's Hospital in Australia.

Lafayette
Partly Cloudy
53° wxIcon
Hi: 50° Lo: 25°
Feels Like: 53°
Kokomo
Clear
45° wxIcon
Hi: 45° Lo: 24°
Feels Like: 38°
Rensselaer
Partly Cloudy
46° wxIcon
Hi: 48° Lo: 22°
Feels Like: 44°
Lafayette
Partly Cloudy
53° wxIcon
Hi: 49° Lo: 24°
Feels Like: 53°
Danville
Partly Cloudy
50° wxIcon
Hi: 50° Lo: 25°
Feels Like: 50°
Frankfort
Partly Cloudy
45° wxIcon
Hi: 48° Lo: 23°
Feels Like: 40°
Frankfort
Partly Cloudy
45° wxIcon
Hi: 46° Lo: 23°
Feels Like: 40°
Monticello
Partly Cloudy
47° wxIcon
Hi: 48° Lo: 23°
Feels Like: 44°
Monticello
Partly Cloudy
47° wxIcon
Hi: 49° Lo: 24°
Feels Like: 44°
Logansport
Partly Cloudy
45° wxIcon
Hi: 46° Lo: 24°
Feels Like: 41°
Dry, mild conditions continue.
WLFI Radar
WLFI Temps
WLFI Planner

Indiana Coronavirus Cases

Data is updated nightly.

Cases: 665285

Reported Deaths: 12697
CountyCasesDeaths
Marion910581653
Lake48637887
Allen36050641
Hamilton32231398
St. Joseph30243514
Elkhart25484420
Vanderburgh21315382
Tippecanoe20185205
Johnson16425361
Porter16053276
Hendricks15899301
Clark12032182
Madison11779321
Vigo11672231
Monroe10394164
Delaware9879179
LaPorte9821198
Howard9095199
Kosciusko8588111
Bartholomew7504147
Warrick7445153
Hancock7439134
Floyd7255172
Wayne6654192
Grant6453157
Boone611991
Morgan6118126
Dubois5933112
Dearborn550669
Cass5477100
Marshall5446105
Henry542695
Noble510978
Jackson465567
Shelby462591
Lawrence4193113
Gibson404985
Harrison402764
Clinton397053
Montgomery390584
DeKalb387178
Knox357885
Miami357863
Whitley350638
Huntington348377
Steuben339855
Wabash333076
Putnam331960
Ripley327862
Adams325149
Jasper318443
White298052
Jefferson295974
Daviess285696
Fayette272656
Decatur271388
Greene262280
Posey261432
Wells258975
Scott251450
LaGrange242170
Clay241444
Randolph225877
Spencer219330
Jennings216344
Washington213027
Sullivan203639
Fountain202542
Starke189251
Owen183453
Fulton179637
Jay178528
Carroll176919
Perry173836
Orange171351
Rush165422
Vermillion161542
Franklin159735
Tipton149241
Parke140116
Pike128433
Blackford120627
Pulaski107544
Newton96732
Brown95240
Benton92413
Crawford92113
Martin80314
Warren75914
Switzerland7558
Union67510
Ohio54111
Unassigned0434

COVID-19 Important links and resources

As the spread of COVID-19, or as it's more commonly known as the coronavirus continues, this page will serve as your one-stop for the resources you need to stay informed and to keep you and your family safe. CLICK HERE

Closings related to the prevention of the COVID-19 can be found on our Closings page.

Community Events